Museum of Solsona

Iberian Era

Protohistory

The Iberian Era (7th-2nd century BC) is characterised as the stage on which hugely important elements such as writing, currency and wheel-thrown pottery were introduced. All of this was the result of contact with other peoples, such as the Phoenicians and Greeks.

Ibers is the name that some classical sources gave to the peoples inhabiting the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Depending on where they lived, they were called different things and in Catalonia they were given the name lacetani. They lived in walled towns on hilltops. Farming and agriculture continued to intensify, creating large surpluses that were stored in silos. They complemented these traditional economic activities with trade and worked the metals that they already knew (copper, bronze and iron) to fabricate tools, utensils, weapons and ornaments.

The Iberians also cremated their dead and buried the urns in groups near their villages.  The dead were accompanied by highly elaborate metalworked elements.

In contrast to previous periods, practically no materials from burial sites are conserved at the museum. However, there are numerous examples of materials from Iberian villages: Anseresa, Castellvell and Sant Esteve d’Olius (Olius), El Molí d’Espígol (Tornabous) and Sant Miquel de Sorba (Montmajor).

Works of the tour

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